Policy Ideas in Manufacturing Jobs for America
Career Ready Act (S. 478)
Tim Kaine (D-Va.), Rob Portman (R-Ohio), Tammy Baldwin (D-Wisc.)
Goal: To ensure students are college and career-ready by strengthening school counseling programs and encouraging states to keep track of career readiness factors implemented in school districts.
BUILD Career and Technical Education Act (S. 973)
Jeff Merkley (D-Ore.)
Goal: Provide $20 million in new federal funding to establish a 2-year pilot grant program supporting career and technical education exploration programs in middle schools and high schools.
Innovate America (S. 894)
Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.), John Hoeven (R-Nev.)
Goal: Sets up a competitive grant process to promote the expansion of STEM secondary schools. Also, sets up a pilot program to help commercialize advances from NSF research, requires commerce to report on globalcompetitiveness of leading export industries, and seeks to help small- and medium-sized manufacturers be more globally competitive.
Manufacturing Universities (S. 771)
Chris Coons (D-Del.), Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.), Tammy Baldwin (D-Wisc.), Kelly Ayotte (R-N.H.), Mark Kirk (R-Ill.), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.)
Goal: Would designate 25 "Manufacturing Universities" and provide incentives to better align educational offerings with the needs of modern manufacturers.
Manufacturing Skills Act (S. 1542)
Chris Coons (D-Del.), Kelly Ayotte (R-N.H.)
Goal: Create an annual $100 million competition to promote reforms in workforce education and skill training for advanced manufacturing in states and metropolitan areas.
On-the-Job Training Act (S. 747)
Jeanne Shaheen (D-N.H.), Thad Cochran (R-Miss.)
Goal: Authorize the Department of Labor to make grants to fund local On-the-Job Training programs. Grants will also provide state and local boards with resources to recruit employers and develop their OJT programs.
American Export Promotion Act (S. 1570)
Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii)
Goal: Authorizes the International Trade Administration’s (ITA) Market Development Cooperator Program (MDCP). The program awards grants of financial and technical assistance to support trade association or local chamber of commerce projects that enhance the global competitiveness of U.S. industries. Successful grantees pay a minimum of two-thirds of the project cost and agree to sustain the project after the MDCP award period ends. On average from 1997 through 2012 projects generated $258 in exports for every $1 in MDCP awards made by ITA.
Defend Trade Secrets Act (S. 1890)
Orrin Hatch (R-Utah), Chris Coons (D-Del.), Kelly Ayotte (R-N.H.), Tammy Baldwin (D-Wis.), Thom Tillis (R-N/C.), Jeff Flake (R-Ariz.), Dick Durbin (D-Ill.), Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.), Mike Crapo (R-Idaho), James Risch (R-Idaho)
Goal: Would strengthen response to theft of trade secrets and make federal law in this area consistent with remedies for patents, trademarks and copyrights.
Clean Technology Manufacturing and Export Assistance Act of 2015 (S. 1263)
Mazie Hirono (D-Hawaii)
Goal: Establish a Green Energy Technology Manufacturing and Export Assistance Program to promote policies to reduce production costs and encourage innovation, investment, and productivity among businesses in the United States that export green energy technologies or related services and implement a national strategy with respect to the exportation of green tech.
American Manufacturing Competitiveness Act (S. 998)
Rob Portman (R-Ohio), Claire McCaskill (D-Mo.), Richard Burr (R-N.C.), Pat Toomey (R-Pa.), Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.)
Goal: Reform the process for dealing with Miscellaneous Tariff Barriers.
Access to Capital
Small Business Savings Account (S. 1262)
Mazie Hirono (D-Hawaii)
Goal: Create tax preferred Small Business Savings Accounts to pay for trade or business expenses, including operating capital, the purchase of equipment or facilities, marketing, training, incorporation, and accounting fees. Allows annual contributions to such accounts up to $10,000.
Innovators Job Creation Act (S. 455)
Chris Coons (D-Del.), Pat Roberts (R-Kan.), Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.)
Goal: Provide incentives for private firms to invest in R&D by allowing the R&D credit to be claimed against the Alternative Minimum Tax, permitting the Alternative Simplified Credit on amended returns and enabling startup firms to claim teh R&D credit against employment taxes.
Conditions Necessary for Growth
America INNOVATES Act (S. 1187)
Chris Coons (D-Del.), Marco Rubio (R-Fla.), Dick Durbin (D-Ill.), Mark Kirk (R-Ill.)
Goal: Improve the way National Energy Labs interact with the private sector to commercialize innovations.
American Innovation Act (S. 747)
Dick Durbin (D-Ill.), Tammy Baldwin (D-Wisc.)
Goal: Put funding for basic research on a path of consistent, steady growth, by providing annual budget increases of 5%, above inflation, at five agencies - NSF, DOE Office of Science, DoD Science and Technology Programs, NIST Scientific and Technical Research, and NASA Science Directorate.
American Jobs Matter Act (S. 26)
Chris Murphy (D-Conn.), Chris Coons (D-Del.), Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.), Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio), Jeff Merkley (D-Ore.)
Goal: Require the Department of Defense, for the first time, to measure domestic employment as a factor in rewarding a contract.
Bolstering Our Nation's Deficient Structures (BONDS) Act (S. 1515)
Ed Markey (D-Mass.)
Goal: Allow state and local governments to sell taxable bonds to investors, and teh federal government subsidizes a certain percentage of the interest costs.
Federal Vehicle Repair Cost Savings Act (S. 565)
Gary Peters (D-Mich.), James Lankford (R-Okla.), Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.), Joni Ernst (R-Iowa)
Goal: Encourage the use of remanufactured vehicle componenets in Federal vehicles, when doing so reduces cost while maintaining quality.
Status: Signed into law.
Investing in American Jobs Act (S. 1043)
Jeff Merkley (D-Ore.), Tammy Baldwin (D-Wisc.), Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.)
Goal: Expand expand Buy America provisions so that all major projects overseen by the Department of Transportation would fall under Buy America requirements, with federally-funded transit and Federal Aviation Administration projects eventually having to meet a 100% Buy America standard, wherever feasible.
Job Creation through Energy Efficient Manufacturing Act (S. 1275)
Jeff Merkley (D-Ore.)
Goal: Authorize $250 million in funding to a Financing Energy Efficient Manufacturing Program at the U.S. Department of Energy. That program would provide competitive grants to states to fund new or expanded industrial energy efficiency financing programs. These state programs could provide various forms of financing, but typically provide low-cost loans to manufacturers to help cover the upfront cost of energy efficient retrofits.
Patriot Employer Tax Credit Act (S. 1486)
Dick Durbin (D-Ill.)
Goal: Provide a tax credit to companies that provide fair wages and good benefits to workers while closing a loophole that incentivizes corporations to send jobs overseas.
POWER Act (S. 1516)
Bob Casey (D-Pa.), Susan Collins (R-Maine), Harry Reid (D-Nev.)
Goal: Help more manufacturers access energy efficiency tax credits that incentivize the conversion of "waste" heat and combined heat to power.